Guide to Insulating Doors
This guide shows many ways to find and seal air leaks around doors and stop air from flowing under doors. It also shows how to repair doors and frames to seal air leaks. bbbbbbbbbb bbbbbbb bbbbbb bbbbbbbbbb bbbbbb bbbbb bbbbbbb bbbbbbbbb
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You can make any door air-tight by using a combination of weather stripping along the sides and top, and a door sweep, weatherizing door bottom, or insulating threshold. You will often need to test different products to see which insulates best and you may need to buy one or two small hand tools. You should do the work yourself because hiring a person may cost more than you save in energy bills, and if you do it yourself, you can re-do it when the materials wear out. The door jambs or door stops on the sides and tops of the door frame may need to be repaired.
This web page shows you how to insulate many types of doors, and how to repair them if they leak because the door frame or the door is rotted or in other ways damaged.
I found this information from my experience in weatherizing and repairing doors and from seeing weatherization that had been done on doors I was repairing and from reading do-it-yourself websites.
Three Ways to Detect Small Air Leaks Around Doors
If possible, check for leaks on a cold winter day or a very hot summer day so the tests will then show very small leaks.
Ways to Seal Air Leaks Around Doors and Attic Hatchways
Basement Doors are the Most Important Doors to Insulate Due to the Chimney Effect
When air is heated it becomes lighter and rises like hot air in a chimney. This is called the “chimney effect”. When the air in your home is being heated in winter, it rises to the attic and escapes through the attic vents. This causes the air pressure in the basement to be lower than on the other floors, causing air to be drawn in very forcefully from under or around the basement doors.
The air pressure on the first floor will be slightly lower than the outside air pressure, so air will leak in, but less forcefully. The air pressure on the second floor will be very close to the outside air pressure, so almost no air will flow through second floor doors, such as balcony doors in winter, except when the wind blows. Then, air will be drawn out.
How to Seal Air Leaks Caused by Loose Door Latches
- Remove the latch plate and fill the holes tightly with pieces of wood shaved from scrap wood. Hammer them in. This lets you move the screws slightly without going into to original holes. ssssssssssssssssssssssssssssss
- Drill pilot holes in the scrap wood and remount the strike plate. sssssssssssssssssssssssssss sssssssssssssssssssssssssssss
- If you must slam the door too hard either remount the latch again or buy an adjustable strike plate, which allows you to “fine tune” the adjustment. These are available at locksmith shops, home centers and hardware store. sssssss sssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssss
- If you have a deadbolt lock with a horizontal deadbolt, check if it still closes easily. If not, take off the strike plate and file out the hole in it to make it larger.
Ways to Seal Air Leaks Around Weather Stripped Doors
How to Insulate Storm Doors
Both types of hinges are screwed to a thin aluminum frame, and often come loose because aluminum is softer than steel, so the threaded areas become damaged more easily than steel. If the threads are damages, replace the screws with slightly thicker screws. You may be able to use a few long screws and screw them into the wood
How to Insulate Attic Hatches
In the cooling season, very hot attic air escapes through the attic vents, forcefully drawing air conditioned air up into the attic through gaps at the hatch. If the door is not warped, mount EPDM weather strip to the wood the door rests on. See EDPM Cellular Rubber Weather Strip Tape If the door is warped, flatten it by screwing boards onto the top of it.
- Cut pieces from a 1”x10” board to cover the hatch door.
- Mount them to the top of the door using 1¼” drywall screws, putting the screws through the door into the boards. Use many screws to prevent the door from warping perpendicular to the boards.
- Cover the screws with joint compound, using a 4” or 6” taping knife. Sand it when dry, and paint the door.
Another way to check if it is sealing tightly is to close the door with a sheet of paper between the frame and the weather strip in many locations around the frame. Where ever you can slide out the paper without effort there is a gap.
Replace the weather strip with thicker material if there are gaps. Use self- adhesive “D-Shaped” EPDM rubber weather strip, which is a very durable material. It has several names, but all brands are D-contour and labeled EPDM. This is a rubber material designed for weatherizing.
Scrape or sand the surfaces the tape will be stuck to for good adhesion. After mounting the weather strip, staple down its ends with 5/16” or ¼” staples. If gaps are too wide for this weather strip, glue 1/2 “wide strips of wood to the surfaces of the door the weather strip will contact. The strips could be cut from paint stirring sticks, using a utility knife. After gluing them into place, nail in 1” brads or 1” wire nails to hold them until the glue dries.
How to Insulate Exterior Double Doors
Exterior double doors can only be air-tight if one of the doors is held in place by slide bolts at the top and bottom. This door will have a strip of wooden molding nailed to it, as doorstop for the other door. Weather stripping will normally be attached to this molding.
How to Fix Doors That Are Hard to Close
How to Replace Broken Glass Panes in Doors
On exterior wooden doors, The panes in exterior wooden doors are held in place by strips of wood (beading) rather than glazing putty.
- Lay a drop cloth at both sides of the door to catch small pieces of glass.
- Use a utility knife to cut the paint around the strips of wood.
- Using a hammer and a stiff 1” putty knife, pry off the strips of wood. This should be done before you buy the glass so you can measure the dimensions accurately. Save the wire brads to re-use.
- Buy the pane of glass.
- Use a nail set or a flooring nail to nail in the wire brads. Flooring nails are square with flat heads. Tap in the nails carefully using a nail set, flooring nail or square masonry nail. If you have large slip-joint pliers, use these to squeeze the nails into the wood in place of nailing them. This will prevent breaking the glass.
- Caulk around the strips of wood. Paint the caulking after it dries.
How to Insulate Warped Doors
If there is a large gap at the bottom corner of a door because the door is warped, there are several ways to seal the gap. Rubber foam weather strip tape is not included because it is not durable.
- Buy a package of 1”x 12” shims.
- Cut a shim to ½ “ wide using a utility knife.
- Scrape off the paint and glue on the piece of wood.
- Nail it and the weather strip onto the door with 1” wire brads or 1” wire nails.
How to Insulate Sliding Patio Doors
window repair stores and can be ordered online from a pile weather strip manufacturer or from the patio door manufacturer. Vinyl weather strip can be ordered from the manufacturer.
EPDM ribbed-profile weather strip could be used; it is durable, but may be too thick. It compresses to about 1/16” thick. Low-density ¼” thick rubber foam weather strip tape could also be used. It can be compressed to be paper-thin but it is not durable.
Insulating window film has several names, such as “heat-control window film” and “heat-blocking window film”. Avoid buying window film that is designed to prevent persons from looking in, not to block out heat, such as stained glass pattern window film, “frosted white privacy window film” and other decorative window films.
A product may appear to be insulating window film but isn’t if it is described by phrases such as, “blocks up to 99% of UV rays to help reduce fading”. These are not designed to block the heat because heat energy is transmitted more through infrared radiation than through UV radiation. These are designed mainly to prevent your furniture from fading. Buy a brand of film that has an installation video on the company’s website.
How to Insulate the Doors to Your Attic and Basement
If you heat your home many months each year, it may be worth your effort to insulate the doors to your attic and basement, because heated air flows up through the house and escapes through the attic vents.
Other Ways to Insulate Doors
- Buy one or two pressure treated 8 ft. 2″x4″ boards to fit across the garage door as far as needed.
- Draw a cutting line across them, to cut them to roughly fit the contour of the surface below the garage door.
- Cut across the cutting line.
- Screw them onto the bottom edge of the garage door. Use long screws because the garage door wood may be weak from rot and because the door will be slammed onto it forcefully.
- Screw the insulating door bottom onto the bottom edge of the door.
Five Types of Weather Strip for Doors and How to Mount Them
It normally takes trial-and-error to find the best weather strip for a door. In fact, the weather strip that works best for the top of the door is often too thin for the bottom of the door . The key is to buy a variety of materials and try several if necessary.
Type 1 – EPDM Cellular Rubber Weather Strip Tape
EPDM cellular rubber weather strip tape is self-adhesive tape made from EPDM cellular rubber. This material is designed to keep its shape for many years, even in sub-freezing conditions. It is normally the best type to use where the weather strip must be attractive. If it is the same color as the doorway, it is almost unnoticeable when the door is open.
It is available in white and brown, and in various shapes (profiles), each designed for a different gap thickness. Most of the profiles are hollow, designed to collapse to fill a range of gap thicknesses. It will stay in place for many years, but only if it is mounted to a clean and dry surface. It will stay longer if it is stapled or nailed at each end.
Medium size EPDM weather strip has a “D-profile” and fills gaps from 1/8” to ¼”; the thin size has a “ribbed-profile” and fills gaps from 1/16” to 1/8”; and the large size has a D-profile and fills gaps up to 5/16” thick. Brown EPDM is available in some stores, but normally only in one thickness.
How to Mount EPDM Cellular Rubber Weather Strip Tape to a Doorjamb
TOOLS AND MATERIALS:
Mount the Weather Strip
1) .Do not mount the weather strip if the outdoor temperature is below 40º or if it has rained recently, as the instructions indicate. If the outdoor air temperature is above 40º but below 50° , heat the door frame with a hair dryer or wait for a warmer day. Also, it could be slightly damp from warm, inside air leaking out around the door and condensing on a cooler door frame.
2) On the latch side and at the top of the doorway, the weather strip should be mounted to the surface the door strikes. On the hinge side of the doorway, it should be mounted to the doorjamb, so that the edge surface of the door compresses it.
3) Sand the surfaces the weather strip will stick to, and wipe off the dust. This will clean it without getting it wet and will rough it up for better adhesion. If the surfaces have bumps from dried paint, scrape the surfaces with a sharp wood chisel.
4) If the gap is greater than ¼” at the bottom of the door (because the door is slightly warped), build up the area with a shim before putting on the weather strip. Use a wooden shim from a package of shims and cut a strip 3/8 “ wide with a utility knife.
Scrape the paint off of that area of the frame until it is bare wood, and glue on the shim with construction adhesive. Nail in two ¾” wire nails. If the gap is long, cut a 3/8” strip from a paint stirring stick and carve it to make it tapered, similar to a shim.
5) If the gap is too narrow in places for D-profile weather strip and ribbed profile weather strip is not available, which is thinner, cut D-profile weather strip to make it thinner. Using scissors, cut off the curved part to make it about 1/6” thick.
6) Stick the weather strip onto the latch side of the doorway and then check that
the door latches easily and that the deadbolt or vertical slide bolt lock closes easily. If not, replace the weather strip with thinner weather strip. If a deadbolt or vertical slide bolt lock is hard to close a key could break.
7) Mount weather strip along the top hinge side of the doorway and check that the latch and lock close easily.
8) If the door has a deadbolt lock and it becomes slightly harder to lock, remove the strike plate and file the hole to make it larger.
9) Staple the ends of each piece of weather strip with 5/16” staples, or nail in ¾” wire nails.
Type 2 – Weather Strip Door Stop Molding
Weather strip door stop molding has a vinyl fin inserted in a strip of wooden molding. It can be more durable than self adhesive EPDM weather strip tape, but is unattractive when mounted to a doorjamb.
If a door is warped, you can seal the gap by mounting a weather strip door stop to fit the curvature of the door.
How to Mount Weather Strip Door Stop Molding
Weather strip door stop molding has a strip of weather strip inserted in a strip of wooden molding. It is unattractive when mounted onto a doorjamb, but not unattractive when used to replace a door stop. If a door is warped, you can seal the gap by mounting weather strip door stop molding to fit the curvature of the door.
1) If there is door stop molding, remove it. Cut the paint along both sides with a utility knife and pry it off with a stiff putty knife.
2) Measure the door frame and cut the pieces of weather strip door stop. A hacksaw or small wood saw will cut the wood neatly and a knife is best to cut the weather seal.
3) Paint the pieces with exterior paint. Paint the end surfaces thoroughly for protection from rot.
4) Nail the molding to the latch side of the doorway using 2″ galvanized finish nails after pushing the door inward as far as it will go. Most doors move about 1/8″ when latched.
Hammer each nail only half-way in so it can be removed if you move the molding. Nail in a few nails and check if the door still locks easily. This won’t be necessary when nailing the molding to the top and hinge sides of the doorway.
5) If the lock has a horizontal slide bolt and it is hard to close after mounting the weather strip, remove the striker plate and file it out to make it larger.
6) If the lock has a vertical-sliding bolt (interlocking door deadbolt), it may be very hard to adjust if it doesn’t close well after the molding is nailed on. Carefully choose the best thickness of weather strip to prevent this problem.
7) Hammer the nails in below the surface using a nail set or square cut nail and cover the holes with exterior caulk.
8) Caulk where the molding meets the doorjamb.
9) Nail strips of molding to the hinge side and the top of the doorway. It may not be necessary to hammer the nails only half-way in and close the door to check it after every few nails because the door compresses the weather strip more forcefully on these surfaces.
Type 3 – Aluminum Strip with Vinyl Bulb Weather Strip
This type of weather strip has no standard name, its manufacturers have different names for it, such as “doorjamb weather strip”. It is made of a rigid strip of aluminum and a vinyl bulb.
The rigid strip is screwed to the doorstop or to the doorjamb if there is no doorstop, at a position where the vinyl bulb is compressed by the door when it closes. It is unattractive, but probably suitable for rear entrances and basement doors.
It is popular because it is more durable than any type of self-adhesive weather strip.
How to Mount Aluminum Strip with Vinyl Bulb Weather Strip
TOOLS AND MATERIALS:
Mount the Weather Strip:
1) Measure the sides and top of the doorway and cut pieces of weather strip. The left and right sides may be different.
2) Use a hacksaw to cut the aluminum and a knife or scissors to cut the vinyl. If your door swings inward, stand outside and close the door. Push the door away from you to make the gap as large as possible.
3) Mount a piece of weather strip to the latch side of the doorway. A door may move about 1/8” while latched, so the weather strip should be mounted to barely contact the door when the door is farthest from the weather strip, so
that the bulb is compresses about 1/8” when the door is closest to the weather strip.
Do not put the screws in tightly because the final turn can move the weather strip slightly. After each screw is put in, check that the door latches and there is no gap.
4) If you have a lock with a vertical slide bolt, (interlocking door deadbolt), check if this still locks easily after putting in each screw. These are hard to adjust if they don’t lock easily. If the door will not latch and a screw must be moved, drill a new hole for it in the aluminum strip, using the 1/8” bit. If you don’t do this you will drive the screw into the wood next to the previous hole and it may move into it.
5) After mounting the first piece of weather strip, check that a credit card cannot slide behind it when the door is pushed inward.
6) Mount weather strip to the top and hinge sides of the doorway. In these locations the door is more “forgiving”, you probably don’t need to check if the door closes after putting in each screw. Check that the door latches and test the lock with vertical slide bolt if there is one.
7) If the door has a deadbolt, check that it locks and unlocks easily. If not, file about 1/16” from the hole in the strike plate.
Type 4 – Spring Bronze Weather Strip
Spring bronze weather strip, or spring metal weather strip, is mounted to the door jamb to contact the top and side surfaces of the door. All other types of weather strip are mounted to a surface that the door presses against when closed. It can last for many years, much longer than other types, because it is nailed on and it is made of bronze. Its disadvantages are that it is not perfectly air tight, and the gap must be approximately 1/8″, and it cannot be mounted at the lock area unless you mount a “spring bronze lock strip”, which most stores don’t carry.
If the gap is less than 1/8″, plane or belt sand the door to make the gap wider. If the gap is too wide, the weather strip can be bent outward to fill the gap, but it may not seal as well. In this case you could use it together with a self-adhesive weather strip mounted to the surfaces the door presses against when closed.
If a door is warped badly so that it doesn’t contact the self-adhesive weather strip at the bottom of the door, use spring bronze weather strip at the bottom of the door jamb to seal the air.
The tiny brass nails, called “wire nails” that are normally in the package with the weather strip can be driven in easily with a small wooden tool called a “brad driver” or “brad pusher”. Use it to push in the nails. These are available in hardware stores and builders supplies.
TOOLS AND MATERIALS:
1) Check that the gap is about the same from top to bottom. If not, the hinge screws may be loose. Tighten any loose screws. If any cannot be tightened because the wood is slightly rotted, replace them with 2½” screws, which mount the hinge to the wall stud. You may have to drive them in at a slight angle to enter a stud.
2) Check that the gap between the door edge and the doorjamb is between 1/8” and ¼” all along the latch side and the top side. It may only need to be 1/16” wide on the hinge side because there the door forcefully compresses the weather
strip. Where the gap is less than about 1/8”, belt sand or plane the door to create an 1/8” gap.
If the temperature is very cold when you measure the gap and it is only about 1/8”, it will be less than 1/8” when it becomes warm and humid because the door will expand. The door will become very hard to close, so make the gap larger.
To belt sand or plane it, remove the hinge pins, take off the door and set it up on its edge. If you sand or plane it while it is hanging, the new edge will probably not be straight.
3) Scrape off any paint drops on the door’s edge to create a better seal.
4) Using metal shears or large scissors, cut pieces of spring metal for the top and sides of the doorway. On the piece for the hinge side, you may need to cut a notch for each hinge.
5) Using the nails in the package, nail on the left and right side pieces, but not the top piece. This is easier if you use a brad driver (brad pusher). Put in a nail on one end, and then stretch the piece and put in a nail on the other end to hold it in place as you nail it in.
Drive the nails in just far enough to be flush, not enough to bend the spring metal. If the wood is slightly rotten at the bottom so the nail goes in too easily, use longer nails there.
6) Carefully bend the weather strip out from the doorjamb enough to seal the gaps. Do not wrinkle it as you bend it.
7) Before mounting the top piece, cut its ends at an angle that will fit against the side pieces when they are bent outward. Nail on the top piece.
8) Use twice as many nails as the instructions indicate because the doorjamb may have soft spots where nails have less strength.
Type 5 – Self-Adhesive Foam Weather Strip Tape
Self-adhesive foam weather strip tape has a rectangular contour and is available in many widths and thicknesses. It may be called, ”vinyl foam weather-seal self-stick tape”, “high-density rubber foam weather strip tape”, or “foam weather strip tape.
“Low-density” tape has larger air pockets and is very compressible; “high-density” tape has very small air pockets, making it much more durable. The name may not tell if it is high density or low density, so you may have to squeeze it to check if it is compressible. If the width you need is not available, you can buy a wider size and cut it with scissors.
- Buy at least two sizes and test each of them. The best thickness at the top may be different than at the bottom. ssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssss ssssssssssssssssssssssss
- Self adhesive weather strip will not stick well if the surface isn’t clean, so prepare the surface by sanding it or scraping off the paint with a wood chisel. Don’t wash the surface because it may not be dry enough for the tape to stick.sssssssssssssss ssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssss sssssssssssssss
- Stick it on, then put in a staple or nail on each end because it comes off at the ends first.
Door Sweeps and Weatherizing Door Bottoms
Door sweeps and weatherizing door bottoms attach to the bottom of a door to seal the gap beneath them. Some are designed to also prevent rain from entering.
Types of Door Sweeps
These are available with an oak finish. Another type is similar to conventional door sweeps, but has a durable reinforced rubber fin, which is well-mounted to the fin.
How to Choose and Mount a Door Sweep
1) Check if the gap between the door and the carpet or floor becomes much smaller as you open the door, because the floor isn’t level. If so, mount a door sweep with the widest available fin, or a Flex-o-Matic door sweep.
2) If your door is wider than 36”, very few stores offer door sweeps that will fit it. You may need to buy two door sweeps.
3) If the threshold is not directly under the door, so a door sweep would not contact it, buy a multi-fin bottom sweep (not door sweep). Some of the fins should contact the threshold. These are described below.
4) If there is no threshold, use a durable type of door sweep. The two described above are the “aluminum and reinforced rubber door sweep” and the “triple fin door sweep”.
5) Cut the door sweep. Cut it to the width of the doorway, not to the width of the door. Your measurement may be slightly inaccurate, so it is safer to measure the width of the door and add to it estimates of the gaps on either side.
Use a hacksaw to cut an aluminum or oak frame, and use scissors or a knife to cut a vinyl or rubber fin. If your doorway is wider than 36” and you will mount two door sweeps, cut each to half of the width of the doorway.
6) To mount a door sweep onto a metal door, use the screws in the package. Drill holes in the door slightly smaller than the outer diameter of the screws, using a sharp drill bit. Self-tapping screws are stronger but unattractive.
7) If the door is wooden and the bottom is slightly weak from rot, use 1″ or 1¼” screws to mount the door sweep. Also, drill extra holes in the door sweep and put in extra screws.
Types of Weatherizing Door Bottoms
Multi-fin door bottoms wrap under the door in either an L-shape or U-shape. They seal the gap better than single-fin door sweeps, especially if the threshold is badly worn or not well-aligned with the door. If the threshold is too far forward, for example, a door sweep won’t make contact with it but at least one fin of a multi-fin door bottom will.
L-Shape models are more attractive than conventional door sweeps because they are not visible from inside the home.
Aluminum multi-fin door bottoms have replaceable vinyl inserts.
An alternative to using a weatherized door bottom or a door sweep is to notch the bottom surface of the door and insert pile weather strip. It is not seen and it is very durable if glued on well.
It can be used if the gap is too small for a multi-fin door bottom. This occurs when the floor is not level and there is no threshold, causing the gap to be very small when the door is fully open. Pile weather strips are normally used in this circumstance, but they may last only a year. See, ” How to Choose and Mount Pile Weather strip“.
How to Mount a Multi-Fin Door Bottom
- Measure the width of the doorway, not the width of the door. Cut the multi-fin door bottom to this length. SSS SS ssssssssssssss sssss
- Mount the door bottom. If the door is metal, use either the screws provided or use self-tapping screws, which are stronger. To use the screws provided, drill pilot holes slightly smaller than the outer diameter of the screws. If the door is wooden and the screws go in too easily, the wood is slightly rotted. Use 1″ or 1 1/4“ screws and put in about three extra screws. sss ss sss sss ss ssssssssssssssssssss sss
- If the door is wider than 36”, mount two door bottoms. Door bottoms are normally sold only in lengths of 36″. Cut each to about half of the width of the door.
How to Choose and Mount Pile Weather Strip
- Pile weather strip is available in several fiber lengths, but only the largest length, 1/2″ is suitable for doors. Window repair shops carry this length, but home centers and hardware stores normally only carry smaller sizes called, “Storm Door and Window Pile Weather Strip”. Buy at least 4 ft. because you may use several very short pieces to test different types of epoxy. sssss ssssssssss ssssssssss ssssssssss ssssssssss
- If you buy the weather strip at a window repair shop, ask them which epoxy to use. If you order the weather strip online, buy several brands of epoxy that bond vinyl or plastic, and test each of them by gluing a 1″ piece of the weather strip to wood. They should be tested because the weather strip has a polypropylene base and this is not listed on epoxy packages.
TOOLS AND MATERIALS:
1. Do not work on a very cold day because the door must be removed for hours while the epoxy dries.
2. Remove the door by pulling the hinge pins. Set the door on sawhorses or a table. Use a T-square or yard stick to draw a line.
3. Use a plunge router or a circular saw to cut a 1/16” deep groove in the surface of the door. If a circular saw is used, make two cuts and chisel out the wood between them. Scrape the groove to make a smooth surface for the epoxy to adhere to.
4. Glue in the pile and allow it to dry. Do not use wire nails or wire brads because temperature changes will cause them to slide out
Types of Non-Insulating Thresholds
Oak Saddle Thresholds are the conventional simple, wooden thresholds. They are called “saddle thresholds” because their bottom surfaces are shaped to contact the floor at either edge but not in the center, to prevent rocking.
They are all similar in height, about 1 1/16”. This can be a problem; a thinner or thicker threshold may be needed. They are more easily discolored by dirt than aluminum thresholds, and they eventually wear down in small areas, allowing small gaps.
Aluminum thresholds are more durable than oak saddle thresholds. The standard height is 1/2″ and is the only height available in most stores.
Oak and aluminum adjustable thresholds have screws which you turn to control the thresholds’ height. Most available models can be adjusted from 1 1/8” to 1 3/8”. If the distance between the floor and your door is between about 1½ ” and 1 3/4 “, you could use an adjustable threshold to create a gap of the right size for the type of insulated door bottom on your door. If the gap is greater on one side of the door, the threshold can be adjusted for this. They are less durable than most other types.
Interior wood thresholds are oak and approximately ½” thick. There are at least two widths available, 2 1/2 “ and 5”. They can be used in an exterior doorway if necessary.
Types of Insulating Thresholds
Insulating thresholds are designed to contact the door to seal the gap. Most have a compressible weather seal, called a “vinyl insert”. The vinyl inserts are not durable, but they are easy to replace and are sold at hardware stores and home centers. The types shown below are available in the weatherization section of home centers and in many hardware stores and builders supply stores.
Oak insulating thresholds are more attractive than aluminum insulating thresholds, but not as durable. They are only available in heights of approximately 1”. With the vinyl insert, a 1” high threshold is about 1¼”. Their inserts are less available than the vinyl inserts in aluminum thresholds.
Aluminum insulating thresholds have a removable vinyl insert. They are available in a wide range of heights, from about 3/4“ high to about 1 1/8” high, plus the height of the vinyl insert.
Adjustable height aluminum insulating thresholds have a separate piece of aluminum that holds the vinyl insert, which can be moved to different heights. One popular model can be adjusted from 1 3/8″ to 1 5/8″, plus the thickness of the insert. They are not durable because the piece that holds the insert is supported by small,
aluminum serrations (see picture). It can be made stronger by sliding in small blocks of wood before you mount it.
Bumper style insulating thresholds have a vinyl weather seal that contacts the face of the door when it closes. They are unattractive, but may be suitable for basement and garage doorways where the appearance of a threshold is less important.
They can be used when the gap under the door is too small for other types of insulating thresholds. If you have a metal basement or garage door with a small gap, a bumper style threshold may be your only choice because you cannot cut the door to make the gap larger.
How to Mount a Threshold to a Wooden Floor
TOOLS AND MATERIALS: